Technical Debt

Technical Debt

Technical Debt

During the software engineering process, there are different issues which should be dealt with or else they will subject the project to unnecessary costs later. The technical debt perspective should be considered in each step of software development. For instance, when analyzing the cost of cloud approaches, you need to take into consideration the technical debt. You should as well factor the engineering aspect when making technical decisions such as choosing between cloud services vs. homegrown solutions.

What is technical debt?

Technical debt refers to the implied cost which will be incurred to do additional rework on a system after the engineering process is done. For example, engineers can choose to go for an easy option so that they can save time during the product design. The right steps which they will avoid will later need to be implemented which will mean a product has to be recalled or it will have to be fixed after it has reached the market which will cost more in terms of resources and manpower.

What are the most common types/causes technical debts?

Deliberate tech debt

In this case, engineers are aware of the step which is necessary during project implementation, but they will ignore it provided they can go for a shortcut which will save on cost and avail the product to the market. For instance, when analyzing the advantage of using the public cloud, some engineers may assume certain benefits, and later they will realize they are very necessary hence they are forced to go back and procure the system. It will lead to wastage in the company. Some engineers will not like doing the same process every now and then; they can avoid a given process only to expose the final product to flaws which will require re-engineering.

Accidental/outdated design tech debt

After designing a product or software, with time the technology will advance and render the design less effective in solving certain needs. For instance, due to advancement in technology, the tools you incorporated in a given software may end up being flawed which will make the product less effective which may necessitate re-engineering. Engineers may try their level best to come up with great designs, but advancement in technology can make their designs less effective.

Bit rot tech debt

It is a situation where a complexity develops over time. For example, a system or a component can develop unnecessary complexity due to different changes which have been incorporated over time. As engineers try to solve emerging needs, they can end up exposing the product to more complications which can be costly in the long run.

Strategies for minimizing technical debt

How to minimize deliberate tech debt

To avoid the tech debt, you need to track the backlog when engineers started the work. If you can track the backlog and identify areas where the engineers are trying to save time, you can avoid the debt.

Minimizing Accidental/outdated design tech debt

You need to refactor the subsystem every now and then so that you can identify the technical debt and fix it. For example, if the software is exposing you to unnecessary slowdowns, you need to fix the errors and make it meet industry standards.

Addressing Bit rot tech debt

Engineers should take time to understand the system they are running and clear any bad codes.

What Is Machine Learning?

Machine Learning

Machine Learning

Machine learning is Artificial Intelligence (AI) which enables a system to learn from data rather than through explicit programming.  Machine learning uses algorithms that iteratively learn from data to improve, describe data, and predict outcomes.  As the algorithms ingest training data to produce a more precise machine learning model. Once trained, the machine learning model, when provided data will generate predictions based on the data that taught the model.  Machine learning is a crucial ingredient for creating modern analytics models.

Professional Emails include a signature Block

eMail, Professional Emails include a signature Block

eMail

I encountered, what I will admit is a pet peeve today, which is why I’m writing this article.  I needed contact someone whom I correspond with regularly, but I have no reason to call or be called by them.  So, after checking my phone, went to their email thinking this would be a fast and easy way to gather the contact information.  Well, not true.  I did eventually gather the information and contact the person, but what a waste of time, which is time they are being billed for one way or another.

Example Signature Block

Ewing A. BusinessProfessional

Senior, Technical Generalist

Favinger Enterprises, Inc.

100 Spacious Sky, Ice Flats, AZ 85001

Phone: (800) 900-1000 | http://www.favingerentprises.com

 

Which email should have a signature block?

  • The signature block should be on every email (both initiated by you and replied to by you), this was true even before the days of remote work, but for remote workers, contingent works, and works who travel frequently it can be a productive enhancer.
  • Plus, it is simply the professional thing to do and saves everyone time and frustration. Not to mention it makes you look unprofessional not having one. do you really want to do that to your personal brand?
  • As if that were not enough, including your signature block is free advertising for you and the company you represent.
  • Additionally, most email accounts let you build one or more signature block, which can be embedded in your email.

Where to place your Signature Block?

  • The signature block should go at the bottom of your email. I still use the five lines below the last line of the body of the email to provide white space before the closing, as I learned when writing business letters decades ago.

What should be in a signature Block?

  • The signature block should be compact and informative and at a minimum should include:

The Closing

  • The closing is simply a polite way of saying I’m ending my message now. I usually go with the tried and true ‘Sincerely’, but others go with ‘Thank you’, ‘Best Regards’, or ‘Best Wishes,’. The main points, it should be short, polite, and professional.
  • This section should be followed by two lines

Your Name

  • This line is your professional name (First Name, Middle Initial, and Last name) and designations (Ph.D.…etc.)
  • This is your chance to say who you are and brand yourself to the reader, in a way which your email address cannot. Especially, when you consider that many of us don’t control what work email address is assigned to us.

Your Business Title

  • Including your business title provides some insight into your role and professional expertise.

Your Company Name

  • Much like your title, providing the Company Name and Address lets the reader know who you represent and, perhaps, more importantly, it is free advertising for the company.

Your Phone Numbers

  • Including your phone numbers, both office and cell (if different) enable people to quickly reach out to you if they need or want to. Not everybody keeps all their infrequent business contacts in the phone directory.
  • Putting your phone numbers on your signature block, also, enable the potential caller to verify that the numbers which they may have are still correct.

There are other items are sometimes included, such as:

  • A company logo to enhance the appearance and quality of a signature block
  • The Company’s website to help customer find out more about the company and to direct business to the company
  • The senders email to reinforce the email address in the header of the email.

However, the guidance provided above will make you look a lot more professional in a hurry if you have not been including a signature block in your emails.

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My Most Used Windows 10 Keyboard Shortcuts

Shortcut Keystrokes

Shortcut Keystrokes

While there are a great number of useful windows 10 shortcuts, I have the list below the combination, which I use daily.  Many of the shortcuts can be used across multiple applications (e.g. Notepad++, MS Word, SQL Server, Aginity, etc.) and save a considerable amount of mouse work.  Overall, these shortcut keys are more efficient and faster than using the mouse to perform the same task on a repetitive basis.

You may want to investigate the numerous other Windows 10 shortcuts keys, which best apply to your daily activities, but these are the ones, which I have found most useful and which I have committed to memory.

Table of My Most Used Windows Shortcuts

Key
Strokes

Behavior

Alt
+ Tab

Switch
between open apps

Ctrl
+ A

Select
all items in a document or window

Ctrl
+ Alt + Tab

Use
the arrow keys to switch between all open apps

Ctrl
+ C

Copy
the selected item

Ctrl
+ D

Delete
the selected item and move it to the Recycle Bin

Ctrl
+ F

Select
the search box

Ctrl
+ V

Paste
the selected item

Ctrl
+ X

Cut
the selected item

Esc

Stop
or leave the current task

F5

Refresh
the active window

F11

Maximize
Window

Related References

 Microsoft > Windows Support > Keyboard shortcuts in Windows

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Keyboard shortcuts for Internet browsers

Internet Browser

Internet Browser

Here are some useful keyboard shortcuts, which can increase your speed and reduce the use of the mouse when working one of the common Windows Internet browsers.

Keystrokes Function
CTRL C Copy
CTRL N New window
CTRL Shift T Reopen last closed tab
CTRL W   Close current tab
CTRL F Find on page
CTRL T New tab
CTRL Shift W Close browser and all open tabs
CTRL Plus Zoom in
CTRL Minus:   Zoom out
CTRL 0: Resets zoom to default

 

What is Source Control?

Acronyms, Abbreviations, Terms, And Definitions

Acronyms, Abbreviations, Terms, And Definitions

Source Control is an Information technology environment management system for storing, tracking and managing changes to software. This is commonly done through a process of creating branches (copies for safely creating new features) off of the stable master version of the software, then merging stable feature branches back into the master version. This is also known as version control or revision control.

Why Consilience Is Important?

Tree of knowledge

Tree of knowledge

What is Consilience?

Consilience is the confluence of concepts and/or principles from different disciplines, especially, when forming a comprehensive unifying theory.

Independent Confirmation

Why are some inventions discovered at the same time in different parts of the world? Does this have something to do with the scientific process of “sharing important discoveries?” Generally, scientists believe that they are part of a community of knowledge. Their discoveries do not occur in a vacuum. They must give credit to those who went before and created the foundation for their work. Therefore, when they discover something new, they are required to share it with the entire world. This sharing is part of knowledge evolution. Interestingly enough, it is also key to the World Wide Web. Collaboration is one of the key strengths of the Internet. It is a way to increase overall knowledge of Planet Earth. Science can also increase the strength of their theories through independent confirmation.

Result Conciliation

There are oftentimes prescriptions for the types and numbers of witnesses to accomplish certain legal requirements. Anyone who has completed an experiment understands the importance of result conciliation. A hypothesis is not proven to be true unless it can be repeated by independent sources. This shows that the reality is objective. The word, Consilience was formed by two Latin words – “com” meaning “together” and the suffix “-silence” meaning “jumping.” Therefore, Consilience means “jumping together” or a “convergence of proof from independent sources.” Scientists should use different methods to reach the same conclusion. Business and economics have a similar concept. Just think of the concept of a Recession or Depression. These are officially declared when a variety of indicators are in agreement – stock market, employment, inflation, money supply and so forth.

Knowledge Evolution

Consulting can use the concept of Consilience to teach firms how to follow objective norms. Technology consulting can compare a subjective company’s practices to objective industry norms. The best career development is successful based on objective, independent analysis. The concordance of evidence can help a business create a successful strategy. Consilience is the convergence of evidence from independent sources to prove the validity of a conclusion. Objective corporate success can be achieved by satisfying objective needs of your customers. Business intelligence requires an objective standard, such as Consilience to be useful.

Conclusion

Consilience is important to you because the answer to any given problem may not necessarily come from within your field of expertise and experience. rather, to be truly competitive in an ever in an ever increasing world of knowledge, we need to adopt a broad-scoped renaissance approach to learning and thinking, which folds in other sets of concepts and principles to create the durable solutions for today and tomorrow.

 

What does the Information technology consultant do?

Consultants

Consultants

What’s the information technology consultant job?

The growth of e-services and the rise of social computing has created an increase in the demand for information technology consultant jobs.

The combination of technology and business knowledge is what information technology consultancy is all about. It focuses on advising their clients on how to perfectly use information technology to achieve their business objectives and overcome they IT problems they may face, improving the IT systems’ structure and efficiency in such organizations.

Moreover, information technology consultants provide these organizations with strategic guidance, in the form of estimating, managing, implementing, deploying and administering their IT systems, helping major business processes through the enhancement of IT systems.

Providing expert technical assistance and guidance during selection and procurement are also parts of what the information technology consultant do. IT consultants can also be involved in business development, technical duties, and even sales, having the responsibility for user training and feedback as well.

Why are IT consultants called in?

For:

  • Specialized expertise
  • Their recommendations and external, objective advice
  • Temporary help during a one-time project, when hiring permanent employees is not necessary
  • Outsourcing IT services from a specific company

IT consultants’ duties

Their duties will depend on the nature of each project.

However, a typical project may involve:

  • The consultation of staff from different parts of a client’s organization
  • The analysis of the organization’s data
  • The determination of the information system requirements
  • Defining the objectives of the project
  • Making recommendations, as IT consultants may suggest appropriate hardware, software, and systems
  • Designing, installing and trialing software and, fixing any problems that may arise
  • Collecting and presenting information
  • Writing reports and documentation
  • Resolving computer problems and removing viruses
  • Training users
  • Responding to customer inquiries.

Therefore, the IT consultants’ day duties may include:

  • Meeting with clients to determine their requirements
  • Working with them to define the scope of the project
  • Planning timescales and the resources needed for the project
  • Clarifying the clients’ system specifications, understanding the nature of their business and their work practices
  • Travelling to the client sites.
  • The cooperation with the staff members at all levels in the organization
  • Determining the software, hardware and network’s requirements
  • Analyzing the IT requirements, giving their independent and objective advice on the use of these IT systems
  • Suggesting new solutions and new systems implementation
  • Presenting such solutions in oral or written reports
  • Assisting clients with change-management activities
  • Purchasing systems where appropriate
  • Designing, testing, installing and monitoring new systems
  • Preparing documentation and presenting progress reports to clients
  • The organization of users’ training and also for other consultants
  • Being involved in sales
  • Supporting and maintaining contact with clients’ organizations
  • Identifying potential clients and building and maintaining contacts.

Qualifications

Having any degree, you can enter the information technology consultancy field, even if you are a school leaver, but you have to show interest in and knowledge of such field. And of course, previous work experience and deep interest in IT consultancy are beneficial. A master’s degree is not required to get an IT consultant job. However, it increases the chances of securing such jobs, especially if your degree is not in a related subject to information technology.

Here are some of the subjects that are useful for IT consultant jobs.

  • Software engineering
  • Information systems
  • Electronic/electrical engineering
  • Business studies
  • Mathematics
  • Computer science
  • Other science/engineering disciplines

However, there are some postgraduate courses for graduates of unrelated subjects to provide students with the valuable skills needed for the business industry as well as, skills required for information technology consultant jobs.

What are the most important skills required?

You need to possess these skills to compete in the information technology consultancy field:

  • Teamwork skills
  • Interpersonal and communication skills
  • Advisory language skills
  • Business and management language skills
  • Technical language skills
  • The ability to introduce technical information to non-IT clients and also, colleagues
  • Business skills
  • Problem-solving skills
  • Leadership skills
  • Technical and analytical skills
  • Good organizational skills to prioritize heavy workloads
  • Time management skills to meet deadlines
  • The ability to work under pressure
  • Multitasking ability
  • Presentation skills
  • Attention to details
  • Confidence
  • Decision making
  • Excellent customer service skills
  • The ability to learn quickly
  • Adaptability and flexibility

What to expect?

  • It’s an office-based job, working in a project team in clients’ premises. So, IT consultant should expect to travel to clients’ premises.
  • Traveling within the working day to clients’ sites is often needed. Overseas travel may occasionally be necessary, which depends on the consultant’s employer.
  • Also, overnight absence from home is frequently required.
  • As regards the working hours, its officially 8 hours. However, sometimes extra hours are required to meet the clients’ deadlines as well as taking a lot of time traveling to clients’ premises.
  • It’s a stressful job, with strict project based deadlines.
  • A part-time job is unlikely, but IT consultant jobs are project-based so, breaks are possible.
  • Self-employment is also possible, managing your working hours.
  • In the IT consultancy field, men’s percentage exceeds the women’s. However, there are various groups supporting women in IT and technology, to encourage them to work in this industry.
  • Formal dress code, for meetings and visiting clients, but otherwise, it’s relaxed.
  • As regards the salary, the IT consultation fees are measured on a per day or per consultant basis. However, fixed fee IT consultation applied to contracted IT consultants or well-defined projects that have a specific amount of work and a defined timeframe.
  • The salary depends on the type, location and size of the employers and it is also usually performance-related.

Experience required for work

  • Some employers can recruit junior information technology consultants in their business and technology sectors.
  • First and second-year undergraduates can apply for internships in the IT consultancy field, gaining work experience in a commercial environment to acquire management skills and the ability to understand the business benefits of information technology.
  • Competition is fierce so, start applying for IT consultant jobs for large firms in the autumn term of your final year as places will fill fast and the competition is getting stronger as time passes.

Related References

Common Information Technology Architectures

Overview Of Common Information Technology Architectures

The world is currently in the Information and Technology era, were as, so many experts are of the opinion that the Silicon Valley days are beginning to come to an end. Information and Technology is basically what the world revolves around today which makes it necessary to consider some technical overview of Information and Technology architecture use. The term Information Technology is often used in place for computer networks, and it also surrounds other information related technologies like television, cell phones and so on, showing the connection between IT and ICT (thou IT and ICT are often used to replace each other but technically are different). When talking about IT architectural, it is the framework or basis that supports an organization or system. Information technology architectural concerning computing involves virtual and physical resources supporting the collection, processing, analysis and storage of data. The architecture, in this case, can be integrated into a data center or in some other instances decentralized into multiple data centers, which can be managed and controlled by the IT department or third-party IT firm, just like cloud provider or colocation facility. IT architectures usually come into play when we consider hardware for computers (Big Iron: mainframe & Supercomputers), software, internet (LAN / WAN Server based), e-commerce, telecom equipment, storage (Cloud) and so on.

Information Technology Industry Overview

Information Technology Industry Overview

We human beings have been able to manipulate, store, and retrieve data since 3000Bc, but the modern sense of information technology first appeared in an article in 1958 published in a Havard Business Review: Harold j.Leavitt and Thomas L.whisler were the authors, and they further commented that the new technology was lacking an established name. It shall be called information technology (IT). Information Technology is used in virtually all sectors and industries, talking about education, agriculture, marketing, health, governance, finance and so on. Whatever you do, it is always appropriate to have a basic overview of the architectural uses of Information Technology. Now we take a look at some standard Information technology architectures use with regards to technology environment patterns such as Big Iron (mainframe & Supercomputers); Cloud; LAN / WAN Server based; storage (Cloud).

Big Iron (Mainframe & Supercomputers)

Big iron is a term used by hackers, and as defined in the hacker’s dictionary the Jargon File refers to it as “large, expensive, ultra-fast computers. It is used for number crunching supercomputers such as Crays, but can include more conventional big commercial mainframes”. Often used concerning IBM mainframes, when discussing their survival after the invention of lower cost Unix computing systems. More recently the term also applies to highly efficient computer servers and ranches, whose steel racks naturally work in the same manner.

Supercomputers are known to be the world’s fastest and largest computers, and they are primarily used for complex scientific calculations. There are similar components in a supercomputer and desktop computer: they both have memory processors and hard-drives. Although similarities exist between supercomputers and desktop computers, the speeds are significantly different. Supercomputers are way faster and more extensive. The supercomputers large disk storage, high memory, and processors increase the speed and the power of the machine. Although desktop computers can perform thousands or millions of floating-point operations per second know as (megaflops), supercomputers speeds perform at billions of operations per second also known as (gigaflops) and even up to trillions of operations per second know as (teraflops).

Mainframe Computers

Mainframe Computers

Evolution Of Mainframe and Supercomputers

Currently, many computers are indeed faster than the very first supercomputer, the Cray-1, which is designed and developed by Cray Research team during the mid-70s. The Cray-1 had the capacity of computing at the rate of 167 megaflops using a rapid form of computing called the Vector Processing,   which is composed of quick execution of instructions in a state of pipelined fashion. In the mid-80s a faster method of supercomputing was originated: which was called Parallel Processing.  Applications that made use of parallel processing were and are still able to solve computational issues by using multiple processors. Example: if you were going to prepare ice cream, sundaes for nine of your friends. You would need ten scoops of ice cream, ten bowls; ten drizzles of chocolate syrup with ten cherries, working alone you would put one scoop of ice-cream in each bowl and drizzle the syrup on each other. Now, this method of preparing sundaes will be categorized as vector processing. To get the job done very quickly, you will need help from some friends to assist you in a parallel processing method. If five people prepare the ice-cream mixture, it would be five times as fast.

Parallel Processing

Parallel Processing

Application Of Mainframe and Supercomputers

Supercomputers are very powerful that they can provide researchers with the insight into sources that are small, too fast, too big, or maybe very slow to observe in laboratories. Astrophysicists make use of supercomputers as time machines to explore the past and the future of the universe. A fascinating supercomputer simulation was created in the year 2000 that was able to depict the collision of two galaxies: The Andromeda and our very own Milky Way, although this collision will not happen in another 3 billion years from now.

This particular simulation allowed scientist to experiment and the view the result now. The simulation was conducted by Blue Horizon, a parallel supercomputer in the Diego, Supercomputer Center. Using 256 of Blue Horizon’s 1,152 processors, the simulation showed what would happen to millions of stars if the galaxies collided. Another example is molecular dynamic (molecular interactions with each other). Simulation events done with supercomputers allow scientists to study their interactions when two molecules are docked down. Researchers can generate an atom-by-atom picture of the molecular geometry by determining the shape of a molecule’s surface. Atomic experimentation at this level is extremely difficult or impossible to perform in a laboratory environment, but supercomputers have paved the way for scientists to stimulate such behaviors with ease.

Supercomputers Of The Future

Various research centers are always diving into new applications such as data mining to explore additional and multiple uses of supercomputing. Data mining allows scientist to find previously unknown relationships among data, just like the Protein Data Bank at San Diego Supercomputer Center is collecting scientific data that provides other scientists all around the world with more significant ways of understanding of biological systems. So this will provide researchers with new and unlimited insights of the effects, causes, and treatments of so many diseases. Capabilities of and applications of supercomputers will continue to grow as institutions all over the world are willing to share their various discoveries making researchers more proficient at parallel processing.

information technology Data Storage

Electronic data storage, which is widely used in modern computers today, has a date that spans from World War II when a delay memory line was developed to remove the interference from radar signals. We also have the William tube, which was the very first random-access digital storage, based on the cathode ray tube which consumed more electrical power. The problem regarding this was that the information stored in the delay line memory was liable to change flexibly and fast, especially very volatile. So it had to be continuously refreshed, and information was lost whenever power was removed. The first form of non-volatile computer storage system was the magnetic drum, which was the magnetic drum, it was invented in 1932 and used in the (Ferranti Mark 1) the very first commercially available electronic that was for general-purpose.

IBM initially introduced the very first hard disk drive in 1956, as an added component to their 305 RAMAC computer system. Most digitalized data today are stored magnetically on a hard disk, or optically such as CD-ROMS. But in 2002 the digital storage capacity exceeded analog for the first time. In the year 2007, almost 94% of data stored in the world was digitally held: 28% optical devices, 52% hard disks, 11% digital magnetic tape. The worldwide capacity for storing information on electronic devices grew from 3 Exabyte (1986) to 295 Exabyte (2007), doubling every three years. 

Cloud Computing

Cloud Computing

Cloud Storage

Cloud storage is a modern data storage system in which the digital data is stored in an array of logical pools, the physical storage system composes of multiple servers and often various locations, and the environment is usually owned by and managed by a hosting company. Cloud storage supplying companies are in charge of for keeping the data available and accessible, individuals; organizations lease or buy storage capacity from the suppliers to store user, application data or organization. Cloud storage refers to a hosted object-storage service, I a long run the term has broadened to include other sources of data storage systems that are available as a service, just like extended storage.  Examples of block storage services are Amazon S3 and Microsoft Azure storage. Then we also have OceanStore and VISION cloud which are storage systems that can be hosted and also deployed with cloud characteristics.

Cloud computing is changing implementation and design of IT infrastructures. Typically, business-owned traditional database centers are mostly private, and capital-intensive resources (Big-Iron: Mainframe and supercomputers), cloud base computing, on the other hand, enables organizations to have access to cloud base service providers with credible data center infrastructure for a mostly avoidable fee. Infrastructure-as-a-service model, cloud computing, allows flexible data storage on demand. Consumers can beseech cloud service provider’s to help store, compute, and offer other IT related services without installing gadgets and other resources locally, saving a lot of space and money while users can quickly adjust cloud base usage depending on required workload.

Servers

On a typical day, people tend to use different IT-based servers or networks. Firstly, the process of checking your email, over a Wi-Fi connection on your PC, in your house, is a typical server.

The process of logging on to your computer at your place of work, to have access to files from the company’s database that is another typical server. When you are out for coffee the Wi-Fi hotspot at the coffee shop, is another type of server-based communications.

All of these typical servers are set up differently. Servers are mainly categorized according to a geographic area of use and the requirements of the server within those geographic areas. Servers can service just about anyone from one man usage within with one device to millions of people and devices anywhere on the planet.

Some Common Servers we will consider Include:

  • WAN (Wide Area Network)
  • LAN (Local Area Network)
  • PAN (Personal Area Network)
  • MAN (Metropolitan Area Network)

Let’s go into some detail on these networks.

Area Net Relative Size Relationship

Area Net Relative Size Relationship

PAN (Personal Area Network)

PAN (personal area network), is a server integrated for a single person within a building or nearby. It could be inside a little office or a home. A PAN could incorporate at least one PC, phones, minor gadgets, computer game consoles and other gadgets. On the off chance that various people utilize a similar system inside a home, the system is some of the time known as a HAN (Home Area Network).

In an exceptionally common setup, a home will have a single, wired Internet connection associated with a modem. This modem at that point gives both wired and remote service for numerous gadgets. The system is regularly managed from a PC yet can be accessed to from other electronic devices.

This kind of server gives incredible adaptability. For instance, it enables you to:

  • Send a report to the printer in the workplace upstairs while you’re perched in another room with your portable workstation
  • Upload the pictures from your mobile phone to storage device (cloud) associated with your desktop PC
  • View movies from an internet streaming platform on your TV

If this sounds well-known to you, you likely have a PAN in your home without you knowing what it’s called.

LAN (Local Area Network)

LAN (Local Area Network) comprises of a PC network at a single location, regularly an individual office building. LAN is useful for sharing assets, for example, information stockpiling and printers. LANs can be worked with generally modest equipment, for example, network connectors, hubs, and Ethernet links.

A small LAN server may just utilize two PCs, while bigger LANs can oblige a higher number of PCs. A LAN depends on wired networking for speed and security optimization; however wireless networks can be associated with a LAN. Fast speed and moderately low cost are the qualifying attributes of LANs.

LANs are regularly utilized for a place where individuals need to share resources and information among themselves yet not with the outside world. Think about an office building where everyone ought to have the capacity to get to records on the server or have the ability to print an archive to at least one printer. Those assignments ought to be simple for everyone working in a similar office, yet you would not want someone strolling into the office and have access.

 

MAN (Metropolitan Area Network)

MAN (metropolitan area network) comprises of a PC organize over a whole city, school grounds or little district. Contingent upon the arrangement, this kind of system can cover a range from 5 to around 50 kilometers over. A MAN is often used to associate a group of LANs together to form a broader system. When this kind of server is mainly intended for a campus, it can be called CAN (Campus Area Network).

WAN (Wide Area Network)

WAN (wide area network), involves a vast region, for example, a whole nation or the entire world. A WAN can contain various littler systems, for example, LANs or MANs. The Internet is the best-known case of an open WAN.

Conclusion

The world is changing rapidly as modern world continues its unstoppable growth. With so much of the changes happening its good education be capable of touching students in various ways. Students today are leaders, teacher’s inventors and businessmen and women of tomorrow. Information technology has a crucial role in students being able to retain their job and go to school. Especially now that most schools offer various online courses, classes that can be accessed on tablets laptops and mobile phones.

Information technology is reshaping many aspects of the world’s economies, governments, and societies.  IT provide more efficient services, catalyze economic growth, and strengthen social networks, with about 95% of the world’s population now living in an area with the presence of a featured use and implementation of IT. IT is diversified, what you are probably using to have access to this article is based on IT architectural features. Technological advancement is a positive force behind growth in economies of nations, citizen engagement, and job creation.

As a technologist, How to work as a craftsman

How Technologist Can Work as A Craftsman

Craftsmanship

How Technologist Can Work as A Craftsman

Change is good, effective and positive change is even better. Recently, just about all over the place, “Service Persons” are being mentioned to as “techs” which is an abbreviated form for a technologist. The model description of the technologist is stated as “Professional in industrial procedures; a person who is accomplished in industrial methods or the excellent hands-on application of a skill. A technologist could also be described an individual who is vastly skilled; someone who has become skilled at a process or other specific expertise at the highest level. It is true times change, but not all things change for the best. Taking a new name on a traditional title is nothing, if not puzzling. The variance between a Technologist and Craftsman largely hang on who we are talking about.

A World of Difference

According to the typical characterization, a technologist is theoretically a master at his selected field.  So, who is a craftsman? A craftsman is someone who makes things by hand, and it could also be a person who creates practical objects expertly by hand. Every craftsman is Skillful and does things with great skill and expertise. Which is more precise when used in our craft? If you look at both descriptions, it is quite obvious that they are correct. In actual fact, using these explanations we could create a new designation, “Tech-Craftsman.” Below are some few ideas every technologist can use to work effectively as a craftsman:

  • Keep reusable code samples
  • Keep reusable useful techniques for expediting work and problem solving
  • Learn shortcut keys for your applications
  • Master some common software tools and techniques for your craft
  • Use of Time

Keep reusable code samples

As a technologist, what makes us stand apart is simply the ability to manipulates our computers or machines to produce a certain desired result or effects. A craftsman knows the ins and out of a process. They can repeat such process a thousand times and still achieve excellent results. As Technologist seeking the skills of a craftsman, you need to be certain of codes and functions that works every time. The challenge is to understand how to reuse codes samples and keep them in use to tackle various issues. This could be small scale or large scale, but showing a high level of proficiency is needed every time similar problems occurs. The problem here is not what to call somebody, it is what the individual having the title do to hold the position. In today’s market, most corporations call their employees techs; not HVAC specialists, not plumbers, …. just techs. In accordance with the descriptions given earlier, one would always expect an exceedingly skilled craftsman to come to his or her doorstep, completely ready to handle any issue within the scope of their elected job. The realism is quite diverse.

Keep Reusable Useful Techniques for Expediting Work and Problem Solving

A true technologist has a broad, almost complete, tradeable knowledge of how various components come together to achieve the desired output. You do not have to be limited to a thin job explanation. Believe me, a technologist can become more of a craftsman by keeping reusable useful techniques for expediting work and problem-solving. A craftsman understands a system from the underground and knows how its working principles. Promoting the reusability of useful techniques as a technologist, as opposed to minor portions of a trade education to fit a business is one answer to the issue.

Learn Shortcut Keys for Your Applications

Yes, learn shortcuts. To learn shortcut keys for your applications is also a way of showing a high level of mastery for a field. Applications like AutoCAD, MATLAB, Visual Studio and other top programming application can save you a whole lot of time with the use of shortcuts. A craftsman is always crafty and is always looking for ways to produce excellent results within the shortest period. Inadequate use of these shortcut keys can often cause delay and reduced efficiency in terms of output. Business being what it is these days cannot expect to demand less experienced technologist to run certain key positions. If it does happen, there would be lesser trades challenging for the best output technologically, and noticeably fewer licensed operations out there. So, with excellent use of shortcut as technologist can improve your work as a craftsman.

Master Some Common Software Tools and Techniques for Your Craft

As an example, a technologist can be trained to handle a certain type of common software tools and techniques functioning for just an area or specialization, but what about the other areas? Without a working knowledge of the inherent characteristics of such Software, how can you be considered a technologist? You have seen it before, a technologist with vast knowledge in AutoCAD can simulate a large bore mechanism to carry out a number of things comfortable but a web programmer cannot pick up same software and achieve the same results within similar time frames. This is simply mastering the software tools and techniques needed for your craft (and area of specialization) which are transferable between customers and customers. Yes, these things can be effectively taught. At some point, though, technologist would need other software tools and parts when going outside his knowledge base or performing smaller DIY projects.

Use of Time

Becoming a technologist who can work effectively as a craftsman, boils down more on investing in yourself and improving your skill set in your chosen craft. At this point, you become a valuable investment to your firm and your industry at large. Trying to get the best for consumer could also lead to more innovations and creativity within the process as you can easily go through and make effective modifications that are cost effective. With the dawn of the explosion of the DIY market, a technologist with very creative minds can create new products to simply any process. These encourage and make our jobs as technologist easier as anyone with a bit of physical technological talent can create things that work. The only complications that can arise are not dedicating enough time to even begin or complete your overall skill improvement, learning process, and working. The time available might not be enough, but it is all we have got to improve.

Summary and Conclusion

Without technologist with excellent craftsman skills, most industries would have depleted manpower. This is further weakened by individuals who have no thoughtful information of, or invested in the process or technique but have the resources to start up a tech company hiring low-quality technologists to meet the needs of their customer base.

Related References

OLTP vs Data Warehousing

Database, OLTP vs Data Warehousing

Database

OLTP Versus Data Warehousing

I’ve tried to explain the difference between OLTP systems and a Data Warehouse to my managers many times, as I’ve worked at a hospital as a Data Warehouse Manager/data analyst for many years. Why was the list that came from the operational applications different than the one that came from the Data Warehouse? Why couldn’t I just get a list of patients that were laying in the hospital right now from the Data Warehouse? So I explained, and explained again, and explained to another manager, and another. You get the picture.
In this article I will explain this very same thing to you. So you know  how to explain this to your manager. Or, if you are a manager, you might understand what your data analyst can and cannot give you.

OLTP

OLTP stands for OLine Transactional Processing. With other words: getting your data directly from the operational systems to make reports. An operational system is a system that is used for the day to day processes.
For example: When a patient checks in, his or her information gets entered into a Patient Information System. The doctor put scheduled tests, a diagnoses and a treatment plan in there as well. Doctors, nurses and other people working with patients use this system on a daily basis to enter and get detailed information on their patients.
The way the data is stored within operational systems is so the data can be used efficiently by the people working directly on the product, or with the patient in this case.

Data Warehousing

A Data Warehouse is a big database that fills itself with data from operational systems. It is used solely for reporting and analytical purposes. No one uses this data for day to day operations. The beauty of a Data Warehouse is, among others, that you can combine the data from the different operational systems. You can actually combine the number of patients in a department with the number of nurses for example. You can see how far a doctor is behind schedule and find the cause of that by looking at the patients. Does he run late with elderly patients? Is there a particular diagnoses that takes more time? Or does he just oversleep a lot? You can use this information to look at the past, see trends, so you can plan for the future.

The difference between OLTP and Data Warehousing

This is how a Data Warehouse works:

How a Data Warehouse works

How a Data Warehouse works

The data gets entered into the operational systems. Then the ETL processes Extract this data from these systems, Transforms the data so it will fit neatly into the Data Warehouse, and then Loads it into the Data Warehouse. After that reports are formed with a reporting tool, from the data that lies in the Data Warehouse.

This is how OLTP works:

How OLTP works

How OLTP works

Reports are directly made from the data inside the database of the operational systems. Some operational systems come with their own reporting tool, but you can always use a standalone reporting tool to make reports form the operational databases.

Pro’s and Con’s

Data Warehousing

Pro’s:

  • There is no strain on the operational systems during business hours
    • As you can schedule the ETL processes to run during the hours the least amount of people are using the operational system, you won’t disturb the operational processes. And when you need to run a large query, the operational systems won’t be affected, as you are working directly on the Data Warehouse database.
  • Data from different systems can be combined
    • It is possible to combine finance and productivity data for example. As the ETL process transforms the data so it can be combined.
  • Data is optimized for making queries and reports
    • You use different data in reports than you use on a day to day base. A Data Warehouse is built for this. For instance: most Data Warehouses have a separate date table where the weekday, day, month and year is saved. You can make a query to derive the weekday from a date, but that takes processing time. By using a separate table like this you’ll save time and decrease the strain on the database.
  • Data is saved longer than in the source systems
    • The source systems need to have their old records deleted when they are no longer used in the day to day operations. So they get deleted to gain performance.

Con’s:

  • You always look at the past
    • A Data Warehouse is updated once a night, or even just once a week. That means that you never have the latest data. Staying with the hospital example: you never knew how many patients are in the hospital are right now. Or what surgeon didn’t show up on time this morning.
  • You don’t have all the data
    • A Data Warehouse is built for discovering trends, showing the big picture. The little details, the ones not used in trends, get discarded during the ETL process.
  • Data isn’t the same as the data in the source systems
    • Because the data is older than those of the source systems it will always be a little different. But also because of the Transformation step in the ETL process, data will be a little different. It doesn’t mean one or the other is wrong. It’s just a different way of looking at the data. For example: the Data Warehouse at the hospital excluded all transactions that were marked as cancelled. If you try to get the same reports from both systems, and don’t exclude the cancelled transactions in the source system, you’ll get different results.

online transactional processing (OLTP)

Pro’s

  • You get real time data
    • If someone is entering a new record now, you’ll see it right away in your report. No delays.
  • You’ve got all the details
    • You have access to all the details that the employees have entered into the system. No grouping, no skipping records, just all the raw data that’s available.

Con’s

  • You are putting strain on an application during business hours.
    • When you are making a large query, you can take processing space that would otherwise be available to the people that need to work with this system for their day to day operations. And if you make an error, by for instance forgetting to put a date filter on your query, you could even bring the system down so no one can use it anymore.
  • You can’t compare the data with data from other sources.
    • Even when the systems are similar. Like an HR system and a payroll system that use each other to work. Data is always going to be different because it is granulated on a different level, or not all data is relevant for both systems.
  • You don’t have access to old data
    • To keep the applications at peak performance, old data, that’s irrelevant to day to day operations is deleted.
  • Data is optimized to suit day to day operations
    • And not for report making. This means you’ll have to get creative with your queries to get the data you need.

So what method should you use?

That all depends on what you need at that moment. If you need detailed information about things that are happening now, you should use OLTP.
If you are looking for trends, or insights on a higher level, you should use a Data Warehouse.

 Related References

 

 

Whаt Iѕ A Cоdе Sniрреt?

Acronyms, Abbreviations, Terms, And Definitions

Acronyms, Abbreviations, Terms, And Definitions

 

Whаt Iѕ A Cоdе Sniрреt?

Thе code ѕniрреt iѕ a tеrm uѕеd in рrоgrаmming tо rеfеr tо ѕmаll раrtѕ оf reusable source соdеѕ. Suсh kinds оf соdеѕ аrе аvаilаblе both in binary оr tеxt context. Cоdе ѕniрреtѕ are commonly dеfinеd аѕ unitѕ or funсtiоnаl mеthоdѕ thаt can bе rеаdilу intеgrаtеd intо larger modules рrоviding functionality. Thiѕ technical tеrm iѕ аlѕо uѕеd to refer tо the рrасtiсе оf minimizing thе uѕе of repeated code thаt iѕ common to many applications.

Java рrоgrаmmеrѕ use соdе ѕniрреtѕ аѕ an informative mean tо ѕuрроrt the рrосеѕѕ оf еnсоding. Normally, a ѕniрреt shows an еntirе functional unit corresponding tо code a ѕmаll рrоgrаm, оr a ѕinglе funсtiоn, a сlаѕѕ, a template or a bunch of related funсtiоnѕ.

Prоgrаmmеrѕ use ѕniрреt codes with thе ѕаmе purposes аѕ аn аррliсаtiоn. Fоr еxаmрlе, they uѕе it as a way to ѕhоw the соdе as a proven ѕоlutiоn to a givеn рrоblеm. Thеу mау аlѕо use this tо illuѕtrаtе рrоgrаmming “triсkѕ” of nоn-triviаl imрlеmеntаtiоn to highlight thе ресuliаritiеѕ of a givеn соmрilеr. Sоmе реорlе uѕе thiѕ as an еxаmрlе оf соdе portability оr еvеn tо uѕе thеm tо lower the Jаvа programming timе. Organic аnd thеmаtiс collections of ѕniрреt соdеѕ inсludе thе digital соllесtiоn оf tiрѕ аnd triсkѕ аnd асt аѕ a ѕоurсе fоr lеаrning and rеfining рrоgrаmming.

Thе snippet iѕ ѕhоrt аnd fulfillѕ thе раrtiсulаr tаѕk well, it dоеѕ nоt nееd any еxtrа соdе beyond ѕtаndаrd library and ѕуѕtеm dереndеnt code. Thе ѕniрреt iѕn’t the complete рrоgrаm – аnd for thаt you will ѕubmit thе соdе in the ѕоurсе code rероѕitоrу that iѕ thе bеѕt place to handle the lаrgеr рrоgrаmѕ. Ideally, thе ѕniрреt must be thе ѕесtiоn of соdе, whiсh уоu mау ѕniр оut оf the lаrgеr рrоgrаm аnd very еаѕilу reuse in оthеr рrоgrаm. In order, to mаkе ѕniрреtѕ ѕimрlе tо use, it is good to еnсарѕulаtе in thе funсtiоn, сlаѕѕ аnd роtеntiаllу, аѕ thе framework tо ѕtаrt thе new рrоgrаm.

For a рrоgrаmmеr, having gооd code ѕniрреtѕ iѕ vеrу imроrtаnt. Mаnу people uѕе different wау tо kеер thеir code with them. Thеrе iѕ a lоt of оnlinе ѕоlutiоn аlѕо for thоѕе likе аgаinѕt. Hаving gооd соdе in hаnd is vеrу imроrtаnt tо dеlivеr best in class рrоduсt. Sniрреtѕ should bе аlwауѕ mоdulаr and роrtаblе. Sо that iѕ should bе plugged intо уоur соdе easily. Many реорlе uѕе github giѕt to keep thеir snippets. Rubу рrоgrаmmеrѕ uѕе mоdulеѕ to сrеаtе соdе ѕniрреtѕ.

Becoming a consultant

Consulting

Consulting

 

Becoming a consultant

Lеаrn thе key secret tо becoming a consultant аnd imрrоving уоur соnѕulting рrасtiсе.  Whеn уоu brainstorm tо mаkе a саrееr сhаngе tо соnѕulting, what уоu need tо undеrѕtаnd iѕ nоt only itѕ definition, but аlѕо thе rеѕроnѕibilitiеѕ a соnѕultаnt has.

Being a соnѕultаnt, уоu are еxресtеd to оffеr уоur ѕkillѕ tо оthеr реорlе or businesses. You would bе rеԛuirеd tо givе ѕuggеѕtiоnѕ, ѕоlvе рrоblеmѕ, make rесоmmеndаtiоnѕ аnd provide specialized wоrk ѕо аѕ tо ѕtrеаmlinе thе рrосеѕѕ уоu рrоvidе соnѕultаtiоn fоr.

If уоu think thаt аnуоnе whо knоwѕ a thing оr twо аbоut a сеrtаin process wоuld be аblе tо provide соnѕultаtiоn, with аll due respect, уоu are wrоng.

Aсtuаllу, whаt ѕераrаtеѕ a gооd соnѕultаnt frоm a bаd оnе are раѕѕiоn, knоwlеdgе аnd drivе for excellence. A person whо has in-depth knоwlеdgе about thе subject саn only bе аblе to рrоvidе inѕight intо a certain рrосеѕѕ.

 This iѕ thе diffеrеnсе, iѕn’t?

If уоu аrе transitioning tо соnѕulting, firѕt you need tо undеrѕtаnd thе thingѕ you ѕhоuld соnѕidеr рriоr tо mаking уоur firѕt move towards уоur gоаl.

 Whаt licensing аnd certifications will I nееd?

Dереnding uроn уоur еxреrtiѕе аnd рrоfеѕѕiоn, уоu mау need ѕресifiс certification оr a liсеnѕе before уоu ѕtаrt providing уоur ѕеrviсеѕ. Lеt’ѕ say, if уоu lоng fоr соnѕulting fоr manufacturing and diѕtributiоn companies, уоu nееd tо hаvе a license from a truѕtеd organization оr a consultant licensing platform.

 Am I ԛuаlifiеd еnоugh to bе a соnѕultаnt?

Before аррrоасhing one оf thе соnѕulting grоuрѕ fоr small and mеdium ѕizе еntеrрriѕеѕ fоr license or trаining, whаt уоu nееd tо do iѕ a self-analysis. This wоuld hеlр уоu аѕсеrtаin whеthеr уоu hold thе trаitѕ thаt a соnѕultаnt nееdѕ tо succeed оr аrе аblе tо рrоvidе еrrоr-frее dеlivеrаblеѕ.

 Dо I hаvе my lоng-tеrm and short-term gоаlѕ in place?

If your goals dо nоt align with thе time, energy and еxреrtiѕе it tаkеѕ to ѕtаrt and mаintаin a соnѕulting business, your сhаnсеѕ get ѕignifiсаntlу lowered tо mаkе it big. Aррrоасh a соnѕultаnt рrоviding expert соnѕulting for mаnufасturing and diѕtributiоn соmраniеѕ tо understand whаt gоаlѕ уоu ѕhоuld strive fоr.

 Hеrе are ѕоmе fiеldѕ a соnѕultаnt саn jоin

 Lеаn manufacturing

Tо bесоmе a lean mаnufасturing consultant, уоu nееd tо bесоmе at hоmе оn аll аrеаѕ related tо lean mаnufасturing рrосеѕѕ – a process incorporated intо a рrоduсtiоn process tо eliminate waste, thеrеbу еnѕuring еffiсiеnсу.

A lеаn manufacturing соnѕultаnt is expected tо provide a gооd рiесе of аdviсе to kеу decision makers in lаrgе соrроrаtiоnѕ and non-profit оrgаnizаtiоnѕ оn hоw thеу can minimizе or еliminаtе waste tо аttаin mаximum production. Yоu can approach оnе of thе well-known consulting grоuрѕ fоr small аnd medium ѕizе еntеrрriѕеѕ tо undеrѕtаnd the nittу-grittу аnd gеt a license tо ѕtаrt your оwn соnѕulting firm.

 Human rеѕоurсеѕ

As lоng аѕ businesses nееd wоrkfоrсе, a human rеѕоurсе соnѕultаnt will bе high in dеmаnd. A humаn rеѕоurсе consultant would hеlр a buѕinеѕѕ – fоr еxаmрlе a ѕоftwаrе development company – tо сrеаtе essential dераrtmеnt аnd hirе ԛuаlifiеd саndidаtеѕ аѕ well.

 Mаrkеting

A mаrkеting соnѕultаnt nееdѕ to сhаlk out аn еffiсiеnt marketing plan tо hеlр a business reach оut to itѕ targeted аudiеnсе. In оrdеr tо сhurn out such a рlаn, уоu nееd tо be еffiсiеnt enough tо undеrѕtаnd a business’ рrоduсt, tаrgеt аudiеnсе аnd hоw аn аdvеrtiѕеmеnt саmраign оf thе ѕаmе wоuld bе executed.

Alоng with thiѕ, thеrе are a widе rаngе оf рrоfеѕѕiоnѕ уоu саn сhооѕе from to bе a соnѕultаnt fоr.

Liѕtеd bеlоw аrе thе rеаѕоnѕ why a соmраnу hirеѕ a consultant

A buѕinеѕѕ of аnу ѕizе аnd nature nееdѕ tо bе backed bу a соnѕultаnt in оrdеr to execute еvеrу business ореrаtiоn in such a wау thаt it gеnеrаtеѕ positive returns.

We are providing уоu ѕоmе оf those rеаѕоnѕ whу a соnѕultаnt iѕ imроrtаnt to аnу buѕinеѕѕ.

 A consultant iѕ vаluеd fоr:

  • Exреrtiѕе оvеr the ѕubjесt matter
  • Ability tо idеntifу thе problem аnd rectify thе ѕаmе
  • Ability tо асt as a catalyst
  • Abilitу tо рrоvidе much-needed objectivity

 Marketing Cоnѕultаntѕ аnd Hоw tо Find the Onе Fоr You

Thе ѕhосking but truе fасt is thаt buѕinеѕѕ owners hirе mаrkеting соnѕultаntѕ thеу ѕhоuld nоt bе hiring. Running a buѕinеѕѕ fоr уоu can bе stressful and diffiсult еnоugh withоut having tо worry about fixing thе dаmаgе their marketing соnѕultаntѕ advice аnd work did. Onе way that a lоt оf реорlе think аbоut searching fоr a mаrkеting соnѕultаnt iѕ thrоugh аn аgеnсу. It iѕ truе thаt mаking оnе phone call tо аn аgеnсу аnd lеtting thеm find thе mаrkеting consultant fоr уоu is easier than doing it уоurѕеlf, but there iѕ nо assurance thеу аrе gоing to find thе right marketing соnѕultаnt fоr уоur buѕinеѕѕ.

Agencies have a liѕt оf marketing соnѕultаntѕ and other professionals in different price rаngеѕ. Their mаin соnсеrn is lооking to get уоu thе highest раid mаrkеting соnѕultаnt bесаuѕе thеу will gеt a niсе соmmiѕѕiоn. Thеу often try to gеt уоur entire budgеt gobbled up so thаt they can mоvе on tо thе nеxt business. Your business comes in second аnd their profits соmе in firѕt. Thеrе are some rерutаblе аgеnсiеѕ оut there that dо gеt thе mаrkеting соnѕultаntѕ diѕсоunt thеir рriсе tо thе аgеnсу and then charge уоu a set fее with there рrоfit in thе fееѕ. Thе Bоttоm Linе iѕ thаt Yоu ѕhоuld bе the number оnе priority nоt the аgеnсу.

Sоmе people ѕее рrоfеѕѕiоnаlѕ оn television tаlking аbоut thеr services. A lot оf реорlе actually hirе actors and extras to bе in thе соmmеrсiаl just ѕо they can ѕhоw ѕоmеоnе hаving rеѕultѕ. Hаvе уоu ѕееn thоѕе сhееѕу lооking соmmеrсiаlѕ thаt do nоt еvеn use соmраnу names оr thеу use abbreviations оf names of ѕаtiѕfiеd сuѕtоmеrѕ оr clients? Thе truth is thаt уоu ѕhоuld рut a lоt оf wеight оn thеir асtuаllу ability to back uр thеir claims аnd ѕtаtеmеntѕ. Thе truе mаrkеting соnѕultаnt will bring tо the table a lоt оf good idеаѕ and ѕhоw уоu еаѕу wауѕ tо implement them in your buѕinеѕѕ.

Some реорlе асtuаllу think they саn juѕt rеаd a bооk аnd are ready to bесоmе a рrоfеѕѕiоnаl in thеir field. Are they giving уоu advice from еxреriеnсе or аrе thеу thrоwing idеаѕ оut tо уоu аnd hоре оnе of thеm wоrkѕ? Mаkе ѕurе that thе person асtuаllу knоwѕ what thеу аrе tаlking аbоut аnd саn givе уоu idеаѕ of hоw to start рutting the асtiоn plan in рlасе. If уоu ѕреаk with a mаrkеting consultant whо hаѕ ѕtаrtеd, ran, ѕоld or maintained a business, then thеу would knоw mоrе thаn a mаrkеting соnѕultаnt whо just read аbоut buѕinеѕѕ funсtiоnѕ in a bооk or magazine.

One thing that iѕ dеfinitеlу wrоng with a lot оf marketing consultants оut thеrе is thаt thеу асtuаllу сhаrgе fоr a соnѕultаtiоn. Thiѕ iѕ so unfаir tо mаnу buѕinеѕѕ оwnеrѕ. Hоw wоuld уоu fееl if уоu spent mоnеу оn a соnѕultаtiоn with a marketing соnѕultаnt аnd аll you tаlkеd аbоut was him? Thаt wоuld be a wаѕtе оf money. The mаrkеting consultant thаt knows whаt it tаkеѕ tо have business оwnеrѕ achieve success, will bе interested in lеаrning about уоur buѕinеѕѕ аnd what уоu are dоing nоw. This wау thе mаrkеting consultant саn come uр with a unique gаmе plan and strategy thаt is right fоr уоur buѕinеѕѕ, nоt the ѕаmе оld thing fоr any buѕinеѕѕ. It iѕ true that no matter what tуре оf buѕinеѕѕ уоu are in, Yоur Truе Business iѕ Alwауѕ Mаrkеting. Sinсе you аrе tаking thе timе tо speak with оr work with the marketing соnѕultаnt, thе time уоu ѕреnd should be wоrth уоur invеѕtmеnt and уоu should wаlk аwау with thе ѕаtiѕfасtiоn of knоwing that thе right mаrkеting соnѕultаnt will hеlр уоur buѕinеѕѕ grоw thrоugh ѕurе fire mаrkеting ѕtrаtеgiеѕ.

Related References

 

 

Success – being neat and organized

How Being Neat And Organized Can Enhance Your Career Success

Organized Workspace

 

How Being Neat And Organized Can Enhance Your Career Success

Laurence J. Peter asked this question a long time ago, “If a cluttered desk is the sign of a cluttered mind, what is the significance of a clean desk?”

You may think you don’t have the time to clear your workspace. There is a deadline to meet. Your supervisor is expecting the report. Oh! There is this client you have to meet by 2 pm. Your desk is littered with documents from the last research, business cards from the last networking events and papers containing vital information of your clients. You are amazing; you have been doing well in spite of the mess on your desk. However, it is important to know that how you arrange your desk and workplace sends a sublime message to your prospective clients, boss and even your fellow colleagues about your professionalism.

Disorganized Workspace, what is the significance of a clean desk

Disorganized Workspace

“In the scope of a happy life, a messy desk or an overstuffed coat closet is a trivial thing, yet I find – and I hear from other people that they agree – that getting rid of clutter gives a disproportionate boost to happiness.” –Gretchen Rubin

We all know how we judge others based on their physical appearances, the way they move their bodies and how they talk? Yet, we would not pay attention to how others perceive us.

We are in an era where a perception of competence and confidence is a huge currency. We live in a fast paced world. Volumes of new information are breaking out in megabytes every second. People do not have the time to go through your resume at first sight. They want to look at your well-ironed suit, your desk, how you handle files and give you the job.

Organizing your workplace does not have to be a big time work. It does not have to take days. When organizing the workplace is seen as an ongoing project, instead of a massive assault, it becomes effective.

It is going to be a massive error on the part of a work-at-home mom to think that tidiness and cleanliness are for full-time employees who have 9-to-5 jobs at massive corporations. For the home based entrepreneur, the home office can be seen during a video conference. All materials that are not related to the work at hand should be removed from view.

“I’m quite an untidy person in a lot of ways. But order makes me happy. I have to have a clear desk and a tidy desktop, with as few visual distractions as possible. I don’t mind sound distractions, but visual ones freak me out.”- Joanne Harris

The degree of tolerance for distraction is different for everyone. Nevertheless, it has been proven across ages that zero mess equals maximum productivity.

Many people are aware of this and they look online for solutions to getting tidy. Others seek answers from their families and friends because they are getting to understand the importance of being neat and tidy to their career.

Are leaders born or made? This is a question that has been a form of serious debate since the industrial revolution of the twentieth century. A similar question that is often asked is that, “what are the traits that determine career success?” These questions have led to several kinds of research finding the relationship between neatness, cleanliness, and success.

 

10 Reasons Neat and Organized People Are More Successful and Have Improved Work Efficiency

There are several reasons to maintain organization and cleanliness at work. Here are top ten reasons to spur you into developing an attitude of organization and cleanliness:

1.      Neat people conserve time.

In the corporate and business world, time is money! The time spent looking for the right papers among a pile of materials sitting on your desk are precious time wasted that could have been converted into preparing yourself for meeting with the boss, investing in making a good first or actually get things done. Moreover, regular cleaning gives you structure.

2.      helps in boosting the Morale of employees

Being organized breeds confidence and ultimately, success. A tidy and clean workplace brings a positive outlook and strong impression towards how employees view their jobs. Several researches have concluded that workers who take pride in their working environment tend to maintain filing systems, organize their own desks, clean up after themselves and work more effectively together.

3.      Neatness and Organization creates a sense of professionalism

A neat and tidy workplace creates an atmosphere of professionalism for business owners, employees, and clients. It shows that a company pays attention to detail, tidiness and meticulous planning to clients and colleagues. A messy office, scattered papers or important files out of place can give off the impression of lack of pride in the job to the boss or potential clients. This may lead to loss of business opportunities.

4.      Neatness and Organization at work enhance efficiency

It is obvious that a chaotic environment will hinder efficiency. The amount of time spent on non-work related activities like finding where you placed the management file will be poured into the job. This makes you more efficient. An organized workplace motivates workers to reduce work-related-stress, enhances productivity and saves time.

5.      Neatness and Organization reduces safety concerns

A messy workplace can present health and safety concerns. Take for instance, when an old food is kept in the refrigerator for too long, it can leads to illness when consumed by an employee. Work environment should be spacious for easy movement. Objects that can cause injury should be taken off the floor.  Workers’ compensation claims will be reduced when a clean, safe and organized workplace is ensured.

6.      Cleanliness and Organization breed satisfaction

You know the feeling you have when you walk into a clean environment smelling fresh? Generally, it puts a smile on the face. The same is for employees. It is often said that satisfaction and success are two different concepts but if the workplace is clean and organized, you can always feel satisfied going to your office after closing a client.

7.      Cleanliness and Organization reserves assets over the long term

We have been focused on people. Let us now focus on those expensive assets in your office such as hard floors and carpets. When they are not being cleaned regularly and with the right cleaning products, the scratch-free shining floors will become old.

8.      Cleanliness and Organization saves money

When you maintain a policy of cleanliness and organization, you will stop replacing the same items yearly. Many assets when properly organized and cleaned will be of perennial usage to a firm. However, when they are not properly maintained, they will need to be replaced regularly. This can cause a huge financial toll on a business in the long run.

9.      Cleanliness and organization create a success ripple effect

There is a reason while SEAL men ensure that they lay their beds every morning. Success begets success. When you maintain cleanliness and organization, you are sending a message to your subconscious that you are a successful person and capable of replicating that success in your business and career.

10. Protection of sensitive documents

When documents are littered on your desk, you may be leaving yourself vulnerable to intellectual theft. Ensuring that files are properly kept and cataloged is your first step towards security. Many secret corporate data, as well as clients’ information have been carelessly leaked to the media and competitors due to a messy desk. This has led to cases of several lawsuits. This is why companies now implement the clean desk policy (CDP).

 

Clean Desk Policy (CDP)

A clean-desk policy (CDP) refers to a set of corporate rules determining how employees should leave their working space after the workday is over. The policy requirements generally call for the employee to clear the desk and surrounding area at the end of the day from clutter and papers.

This sometimes implies filing unwanted documents away from view, shredding them, placing folders back on the cabinets and organizing files coming in and going out.

The clean-desk policy is often specific to an organization but the common elements of a CDP include:

  • Instructions on how the desk and surrounding areas should be kept
  • Detailed information on who enforces the policy 
  • Punishment guidelines which often ranges from a fine to warnings.

When implementing the CDP policy, organizations create contracts with detailed instructions addressing the above points. Accountability and understanding of the policy is guaranteed when the employees sign the contract.

While the employees are majorly expected to keep their work-desks tidy, the implementation of the CDP is ensured by employers to ensure easy adherence. Simple steps employers can take range from providing adequate storage space to guaranteeing access to a shredder for the employees.

Employees at companies like UPS have been adhering to CDPs for years because there is a culture established by James Casey that encourages employees to keep their offices free of clutter, to strive for order and to portray an atmosphere of professionalism to their clients. CDPs are becoming main practices of many organizations today, because of the information security compliance regulations such as the Data Protection Act and ISO 27001.

Although CDP helps a company is protecting sensitive corporate and clients’ data from being slipped by careless handling of the employees to the privy eyes of third parties, it helps employees overcome distractions which may hamper workplace productivity.

 

Ten practical steps to improving efficiency and having a successful career by developing a culture of cleanliness and organization

1.      Purge your workplace

Empty, de-clutter, get rid of everything that you don’t need or want. Take a quick look around your office and notice the things that you haven’t used in a while. Pick one area at a time to avoid stress.

2.      Gather and rearrange

Gather all items that are out of place and put them where they belong. Ensure the right catalogue and filing system for all your files. Hence, you will be able to know where to look when you need a particular item.

3.      Establish work “zones”

When you are a stay-at-home entrepreneur, you may sometimes work in your pajamas. You brag about this. While this is cool, it is important to have a home office. Also, decide what type of activity happens in each area of your office.

4.      Ensure close proximity of items you use often

Items that are mostly used for the same purpose should be placed within reach. Things that you seldom use should be stored away.

5.      Revise your filing system

We are in the digital age and the need to store paper files has decreased. Figure out documents that you can store digitally. This will reduce the need to keep stacks of papers. If you are storing files on your computer, ensure that you are doing regular back-ups.

6.      Archive your files

When you are done with a task or a project, put all of the materials together and file them. Your “working folders” should be for projects in progress.

7.      Straighten your desk

At the end of the day clean up your desk, so you have a clean start the next day. This tip is very important. You definitely do not want to be doing yesterday’s task today.

8.      Control your inbox

We no longer use snail mails and postal services. E-mail is a convenient medium of communication, but it can be a major distraction when not properly managed. Ensure that you empty your spam inbox, unsubscribe from newsletters that are not beneficial and you will take control of your inbox

9.      Get your layout right

This is dependent on the nature of your work and the task at hand. Nevertheless, put frequently-used items on your dominant side.

10. Reassess frequently

Keeping a clean and organized workplace requires frequent upkeep and assessment. Ensure that you make a weekly scan of your office to make sure everything still deserves a spot on your work space.

When you follow these actionable steps to being neat and organized, it may cost a little time, but the rewards of being organized are highly rewarding. Your clients and colleagues begin to have a new found respect for you and your confidence is boosted. Most importantly, when you are neat and organized, you are on a fast-track towards career success.

Related References

 

What is Time Management?

Time Management, What is time management

Time Management

 

 

Why Time Management is Important

Time management is a habit, a process, and a mindset for the working professional to get things done.  Time management is our personalized tactical plan to handle today, tomorrow and the coming days.  Good time management is about working smarter, not harder, to get the most done same 24 hour in a day and seven days in a week…etc., etc..

Time management is, also, how we ensure that we:

  • know is happening,
  • Know what needs to happen in the future,
  • Are properly focused on the important tasks, and
  • Achieve work life balance.

Definition of Time Management

Time management is the process of organizing, planning, and working to increase efficiency and productivity, both professionally and personally.

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What is a Common Data Model (CDM)?

Data Model, Common Data Model, CDM, What is a Common Data Model (CDM)

Data Model

 

What is a Common Data Model (CDM)?

 

A Common Data Model (CDM) is a share data structure designed to provide well-formed and standardized data structures within an industry (e.g. medical, Insurance, etc.) or business channel (e.g. Human resource management, Asset Management, etc.), which can be applied to provide organizations a consistent unified view of business information.   These common models can be leveraged as accelerators by organizations form the foundation for their information, including SOA interchanges, Mashup, data vitalization, Enterprise Data Model (EDM), business intelligence (BI), and/or to standardize their data models to improve meta data management and data integration practices.

Related references

IBM, IBM Analytics

IBM Analytics, Technology, Database Management, Data Warehousing, Industry Models

github.com

Observational Health Data Sciences and Informatics (OHDSI)/Common Data Model

Oracle

Oracle Technology Network, Database, More Key Features, Utilities Data Model

Oracle

Industries, Communications, Service Providers, Products, Data Mode, Oracle Communications Data Model

Oracle

Oracle Technology Network, Database, More Key Features, Airline data Model

 

Databases – What is ACID?

Acronyms, Abbreviations, Terms, And Definitions, What is ACID?

Acronyms, Abbreviations, Terms, And Definitions

What does ACID mean in database technologies?

  • Concerning databases, the acronym ACID means: Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, and Durability.

Why is ACID important?

  • Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, and Durability (ACID) are import to database, because ACID is a set of properties that guarantee that database transactions are processed reliably.

Where is the ACID Concept described?

  • Originally described by Theo Haerder and Andreas Reuter, 1983, in ‘Principles of Transaction-Oriented Database Recovery’, the ACID concept has been codified in ISO/IEC 10026-1:1992, Section 4

What is Atomicity?

  • Atomicity ensures that only two possible results from transactions, which are changing multiple data sets:
  • either the entire transaction completes successfully and is committed as a work unit
  • or, if part of the transaction fails, all transaction data can be rolled back to databases previously unchanged dataset

What is Consistency?

  • To provide consistency a transaction either creates a new valid data state or, if any failure occurs, returns all data to its state, which existed before the transaction started. Also, if a transaction is successful, then all changes to the system will have been properly completed, the data saved, and the system is in a valid state.

What is Isolation?

  • Isolation keeps each transaction’s view of database consistent while that transaction is running, regardless of any changes that are performed by other transactions. Thus, allowing each transaction to operate, as if it were the only transaction.

What is Durability?

  • Durability ensures that the database will keep track of pending changes in such a way that the state of the database is not affected, if a transaction processing is interrupted. When restarted, databases must return to a consistent state providing all previously saved/committed transaction data

 

Related References

Database – What is TCL?

TCL (Transaction Control Language)

SQL (Structured Query Language)

TCL (Transaction Control Language) statements are used to manage the changes made by DML statements. It allows statements to be grouped together into logical transactions. The main TCL commands are:

  • COMMIT
  • SAVEPOINT
  • ROLLBACK
  • SET TRANSACTION

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Database – What is a foreign key?

Acronyms, Abbreviations, Terms, And Definitions, DDL (Data Definition Language), What is a foreign key

Acronyms, Abbreviations, Terms, And Definitions

Definition of a Foreign Key

  • A foreign Key (FK) is a constraint that references the unique primary key (PK) of another table.

Facts About Foreign Keys

  • Foreign Keys act as a cross-reference between tables linking the foreign key (Child record) to the Primary key (parent record) of another table, which establishing a link/relationship between the table keys
  • Foreign keys are not enforced by all RDBMS
  • The concept of referential integrity is derived from foreign key theory
  • Because Foreign keys involve more than one table relationship, their implementation can be more complex than primary keys
  • A foreign-key constraint implicitly defines an index on the foreign-key column(s) in the child table, however, manually defining a matching index may improve join performance in some database
  • The SQL, normally, provides the following referential integrity actions for deletions, when enforcing foreign-keys

Cascade

  • The deletion of a parent (primary key) record may cause the deletion of corresponding foreign-key records.

No Action

  • Forbids the deletion of a parent (primary key) record, if there are dependent foreign-key records.   No Action does not mean to suppress the foreign-key constraint.

Set null

  • The deletion of a parent (primary key) record causes the corresponding foreign-key to be set to null.

Set default

  • The deletion of a record causes the corresponding foreign-keys be set to a default value instead of null upon deletion of a parent (primary key) record

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What is Process Asset Library?

Documentation, Process Asset Library, PAL, SOP, Procedures, Artifacts, CMM, CMMI

Documentation

 

What is Process Asset Library (PAL)?

Process Asset Library (PAL) is a centralized repository, within an organization, which contains essential artifacts that document processes or are process assets (e.g. configuration Items and designs) used by an organization, project, team, and/or work group.  The assets may, also, be leveraged to achieve process improvement, which is the intent of lessons learned document, for example.

What is in the Process Asset Library (PAL)?

Process Asset Library (PAL), usually, houses of the following types of artifacts:

  • Organizational policies
  • Process descriptions
  • Procedures
  • Development plans
  • Acquisition plans
  • Quality assurance plans
  • Training materials
  • Process aids (e.g. templates, checklists, job aides and forms)
  • Lessons learned reports

 

Related References

CMMI Institute

What Is Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI)?

Building Organizational Capability